Following their arrival the first BahÃ¡Ê¼Ã Local Spiritual Assembly of Haiti was formed in 1942 in Port-au-Prince. In November 1947, his father played a significant role in Haiti's support for the statehood of Israel in a vote to the United Nations. Most Haitians are Roman Catholic, while a growing number claim to be Protestant (estimates range from 20 to 30 percent). Zoroastrianism is generally a closed religion and members are almost always born to Zoroastrian parents. , The Episcopal Diocese of Haiti is the Anglican Communion diocese consisting of the entire territory of Haiti.  According to recent estimates by the CIA World Factbook and Pew Research Center, between 55 and 60% of Haitians are Catholics. Adherents believe that salvation comes through Jesus' death and resurrection, like Christianity, but additionally that living a spiritually pure life following strict codes of conduct is required for salvation. Bahais are an open community, located worldwide, with the greatest concentration of believers in South Asia. 42.3% of the total population struggle with access to clean drinking water while at least 72.4% of the population struggles with access to improved sanitation facilities. Sikhism emphasizes equality of humankind and disavows caste, class, or gender discrimination. They believe that a Kingdom of God, the Theocracy, will emerge following Armageddon and usher in a new earthly society. The largest Christian denomination in the country is Roman Catholicism, which is estimated to be about 55 percent of the population according to the 2018 CIA World Factbook, and 57 percent according to the Pew Research Center. Santeria: practiced in Cuba, the merging of the Yoruba religion of Nigeria with Roman Catholicism and native Indian traditions. African Ethnic Groups in Haiti. Today, though a minority, Zoroastrians remain primarily in Iran, India (where they are known as Parsi), and Pakistan. Haiti, for much of its history and including present-day has been prevailingly a Christian country, primarily Roman Catholic, although in some instances it is profoundly modified and influenced through syncretism. Voodoo/Vodun: a form of spirit and ancestor worship combined with some Christian faiths, especially Catholicism. Christianity is one of the three monotheistic Abrahamic faiths, along with Islam and Judaism, which traces its spiritual lineage to Abraham of the Hebrew Scriptures. Buddhism ascribes to a karmic system of rebirth. Buddhism focuses on the goal of spiritual enlightenment centered on an understanding of Gautama Buddha's Four Noble Truths on the nature of suffering, and on the Eightfold Path of spiritual and moral practice, to break the cycle of suffering of which we are a part. Aire Métropolitaine, which contains the capital, Port-au-Prince, as well as other urban areas, is part of Ouest department. Christianity - Descending from Judaism, Christianity's central belief maintains Jesus of Nazareth is the promised messiah of the Hebrew Scriptures, and that his life, death, and resurrection are salvific for the world. The state religion is Roman Catholicism, which 55–60% of the population professes. Confucianism: an ideology that humans are perfectible through self-cultivation and self-creation; developed from teachings of the Chinese philosopher Confucius. Sunni Islam accounts for over 75% of the world's Muslim population. Ismailis are located in various parts of the world, particularly South Asia and the Levant. It is primarily a form of polytheistic shamanism, but includes elements of animism and ancestor worship. This religious complex is a syncretic mixture of African and Catholic beliefs, rituals, and religious specialists, and its practitioners ( sèvitè ) continue to be members of a Catholic parish. Below is each religion's total world population: Christianity - 2.38 billion Islam - 1.91 billion Hinduism - 1.16 billion Buddhism - 507 million Folk Religions - 430 million Other - 61 million Unaffiliated - 1.19 billion Christianity The world Modern Judaism has three basic categories of faith: Orthodox, Conservative, and Reform/Liberal. Factoid #281 Rwandan men have something Nigerian men do not. Box 1634, Port-au-Prince, Haiti; (from abroad) 3400 Port-au-Prince, State Department, Washington, DC 20521-3400 FAX:  229-8028 Flag description : This entry provides a written flag description produced from actual flags or the best information available at the time the entry was written. Haiti’s independence, Christian “anti-superstition” campaigns outlawed Vodou ceremonies, collecting and burning religious relics, and making numerous efforts to force Haitians to abandon Vodou in order to practice an “undiluted” Christianity (Désir, 2007; Métraux, 1972; Michel, These differ in their views and observance of Jewish law, with the Orthodox representing the most traditional practice, and Reform/Liberal communities the most accommodating of individualized interpretations of Jewish identity and faith. Chondogyo: or the religion of the Heavenly Way, is based on Korean shamanism, Buddhism, and Korean folk traditions, with some elements drawn from Christianity. Prior to the end of World War II, Shinto was the state religion of Japan, and bolstered the cult of the Japanese emperor. The majority of Haitians believe in and practice at least some aspects of voodoo. Variants Ismaili faith: A sect of Shia Islam, its adherents are also known as "Seveners," because they believe that the rightful seventh Imam in Islamic leadership was Isma'il, the elder son of Imam Jafar al-Sadiq. . Muslim > Muslim population: Muslim population 2014 Pew Report. A majority of Shia are known as "Twelvers," because they believe that the 11 familial successor imams after Muhammad culminate in a 12th Imam (al-Mahdi) who is hidden in the world and will reappear at its end to redeem the righteous. Mormonism believes earlier Christian traditions, such as the Roman Catholic, Orthodox, and Protestant reform faiths, are apostasies and that Joseph Smith's revelation of the Book of Mormon is a restoration of true Christianity.  Other sources put the Protestant population higher than this, suggesting that it may form one-third of the population today, as Protestant churches have experienced significant growth in recent decades. Religions: This entry is an ordered listing of religions by adherents starting with the largest group and sometimes includes the percent of total population. The most common figures of devotion are the gods Vishnu, Shiva, and a mother goddess, Devi. Badimo: a form of ancestor worship of the Tswana people of Botswana. Roman Catholics in Haiti constitute around 80% of the entire national population. Atheism: the belief that there are no deities of any kind. Kimbanguist: a puritan form of the Baptist denomination founded by Simon Kimbangu in the 1920s in what is now the Democratic Republic of Congo. The core characteristics and beliefs of the world's major religions are described below. La grande majorité des Haïtiens pratique une religion puisque seulement 10,2 % de la population déclare n'être rattachée à aucune religion ou être athée. The remaining 20% are state-run. Unlike Theravada Buddhism, Mahayana schools maintain the Buddha-nature is present in all beings and all will ultimately achieve enlightenment. Among those younger than 30, however, about twice as many have used social networks than have used email to … Its sacred texts include the Hebrew Bible and the New Testament (or the Christian Gospels). According to the government, this was due to not having received necessary financial documentation as part of the registration process. The United States is the top global destination for Haitian migrants, who left Haiti in the wake of political instability and a series of natural disasters, including a 2010 earthquake that devastated the country. Unlike mainline Protestants, who perceive of the belief in non-Christian spirits as superstitions, Evangelical Protestants recast Haitian Vodou spirits as demons against whom Christ would fight. Its key beliefs center on a transcendent creator God, Ahura Mazda, and the concept of free will. Zoroastrianism - Originating from the teachings of Zoroaster in about the 9th or 10th century B.C., Zoroastrianism may be the oldest continuing creedal religion. Many Muslims were imported as slaves to Haiti.  Similar to the rest of Latin America, Saint-Domingue was built up by Roman Catholic European powers such as the Spanish and the French. Haiti Religion, Economy and Politics In terms of quality of life and overall happiness, Haiti is still striving for improvements. In modern Islam, Sunnis and Shia continue to have different views of acceptable schools of Islamic jurisprudence, and who is a proper Islamic religious authority. Following in this legacy, Catholicism was in the Haitian constitution as its official state religion until 1987. In April 2016, Pierre-Nau was released and Hubermann Bien-AimÃ©, a native of GonaÃ¯ves, was called to that same quorum. It encompasses several forms or denominations which are extremely varied in structure, beliefs, relationship to state, clergy, and governance. There are also 1,300 religious missionary priests belonging to more than 70 religious order and fraternities. note: many Haitians practice elements of Vodou in addition to another religion, most often Roman Catholicism; Vodou was recognized as an official religion in 2003 Definition: This entry is an ordered listing of religions by adherents starting with the largest group and sometimes includes the percent of total population. They became merchants and integrated themselves into the French Catholic society. Haiti is the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere. Taoism - Chinese philosophy or religion based upon Lao Tzu's Tao Te Ching, which centers on belief in the Tao, or the way, as the flow of the universe and the nature of things. HAITI 2 International Religious Freedom Report for 2018 United States Department of State • Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor Section I. Islam - The third of the monotheistic Abrahamic faiths, Islam originated with the teachings of Muhammad in the 7th century. 42.3% of the total population struggle with access to clean drinking water while at least 72.4% of the population struggles with access to improved sanitation facilities. Theravadans follow the Pali Canon of Buddha's teachings, and believe that one may escape the cycle of rebirth, worldly attachment, and suffering for oneself; this process may take one or several lifetimes.  Haiti has only one public university: the University of Haiti in Port-au-Prince founded in 1944. Orthodox Christianity: The oldest established eastern form of Christianity, the Holy Orthodox Church, has a ceremonial head in the Bishop of Constantinople (Istanbul), also known as a Patriarch, but its various regional forms (e.g., Greek Orthodox, Russian Orthodox, Serbian Orthodox, Ukrainian Orthodox) are autocephalous (independent of Constantinople's authority, and have their own Patriarchs). Here are the 5 most shocking facts about poverty in Haiti post earthquake. The Latin Rite is by far the largest, making up about 98% of Catholic membership. Tragically, the business of religion is getting a lot of trade today." Alawites are a closed, secretive religious group who assert they are Shia Muslims, although outside scholars speculate their beliefs may have a syncretic mix with other faiths originating in the Middle East. , The constitution of Haiti establishes the freedom of religion. The 7.0 mW quake with aftershocks ranging from 4.2 to 5.9 affected at least three million people and increased poverty in Haiti.   Other sources put the Protestant population higher than this, suggesting that it might have formed form one-third of the population in 2001. A Sunni Muslim may elect to follow any one of these schools, as all are considered equally valid. Vodou, also spelled Voodoo, Voudou, Vodun, or French Vaudou, a religion practiced in Haiti.Vodou is a creolized religion forged by descendants of Dahomean, Kongo, Yoruba, and other African ethnic groups who had been enslaved and brought to colonial Saint-Domingue (as Haiti was known then) and Christianized by Roman Catholic missionaries in the 16th and 17th centuries. It also triggered a massive cholera outbreak that devastated the population and the country  All four stakes are based in the capital region; districts are based in Les Cayes, Saint-Marc, GonaÃ¯ves, and Cap-HaÃ¯tien. La palabra “créole vodoun” se refiere a un tipo de danza y en algunas áreas a una categoría de e… A certain percentage of the population practices Vodou, mostly along with another religion. , As of 2010, there is a small Islamic community in Haiti of around 4000â5000 Muslims, who mainly reside in Port-au-Prince, Cap-HaÃ¯tien and its surrounding suburbs. The government has continually failed to recognize marriages performed by Haitian Vodou practitioners, despite it being a registered religion. Haiti Table of Contents. Islam also has an active mystical branch, Sufism, with various Sunni and Shia subsets. Students learn their lessons in both French and Creole. Haitian Protestants are presumably less likely to practice Vodou, as their churches strongly denounce it as diabolical. Shintoism - A native animist tradition of Japan, Shinto practice is based upon the premise that every being and object has its own spirit or kami. Definition: This entry is an ordered listing of religions by adherents starting with the largest group and sometimes includes the percent of total population. While Catholicism has not been the state religion since 1987, a 19th-century concordat with the Holy See continues to confer preferential treatment to the Catholic Church, in the form of stipends for clergy and financial support to churches and religious schools. , The CIA Factbook reports that around 28.5% of the population is Protestant (Baptist 15.4%, Pentecostal 7.9%, Adventist 3%, Methodist 1.5% other 0.7%). Haiti Religion, Economy and Politics. During the season of Lent, Vodou societies create parading musical bands for a festival called Rara, and fulfill religious obligations in local spaces such as streams, rivers, and trees. Similar to the rest of Latin America, Saint-Domingue was built up by Roman Catholic European powers such as the Spanish and the French. In 2010, Haiti was struck by what has been called the strongest earthquake since 1770. Pope John Paul II visited Haiti in 1983. Shamanistic beliefs are organized around a shaman or medicine man who - as an intermediary between the human and spirit world - is believed to be able to heal the sick (by healing their souls), communicate with the spirit world, and help souls into the afterlife through the practice of entering a trance. MAP OF HAITI Note: Haiti is divided into 10 departments. mailing address: (in Haiti) P.O. Religion Internet & Tech Science Hispanics Global Methods Publications Topics Interactives Data and Resources Our Experts April 2, 2015 Religious Composition by Country, 2010-2050 The religious profile of the world is rapidly. Formulated in the 1860s, it holds that God lives in all of us and strives to convert society into a paradise on earth, populated by believers transformed into intelligent moral beings with a high social conscience. The BahÃ¡Ê¼Ã Faith in Haiti begins with a mention by `Abdu'l-BahÃ¡, then head of the religion, in 1916 as one of the island countries of the Caribbean being among the places BahÃ¡Ê¼Ãs should take the religion to. Vodou, a religion practiced in Haiti. Hindus may worship one or many deities, usually with prayer rituals within their own home. Other variants on Protestant Christianity, including Pentecostal movements and independent churches, may lack one or more of these elements, and their leadership and beliefs are individualized and dynamic. Haitian and Louisiana Voodoo, which have included more Catholic practices, are separate from West African Vodun, which has retained a focus on spirit worship.Non-religious Agnosticism: the belief that most things are unknowable. Sunni Muslim (state religion) 99%, Christian and Jewish 1% American Samoa Christian Congregationalist 50%, Roman Catholic 20%, Protestant and other 30% Andorra Roman Catholic (predominant) Angola indigenous beliefs 47 Orthodox churches are highly nationalist and ethnic. On 12 January 2010, Haiti was struck by a magnitude 7.0 earthquake that left up to 85,000 people dead and around 1.6 million homeless. The core characteristics and beliefs of the world's major religions are described below. The national patron saint of Haiti is Our Mother of Perpetual Help. Las imágenes populares del vudú han ignorado la base de la religión como unculto doméstico a los espíritus familiares. There are ten dioceses including two archdioceses. Ismaili tradition awaits the return of the seventh Imam as the Mahdi, or Islamic messianic figure. And Haiti is seeing good results: According to the latest figures from UNAIDS, Haiti's HIV prevalence rates are dropping: The percentage of pregnant women … In regard to religion it is usually characterized as neither a belief nor non belief in a deity. Islam > Percentage Muslim: Percent of Muslims in each country. The predominant denomination is Roman Catholicism. , Missionary work in Haiti by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints began in May 1980 and the land was dedicated for the preaching of the gospel by Thomas S. Monson, then a member of the church's Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, on 17 April 1983. Although Haiti’s official language is French, the country is not considered a Francophone nation, since most of the population speaks Creole, rather than French. While there are extensive traditions of Jewish halakhic and theological discourse, there is no final dogmatic authority in the tradition. The Shia believe Muhammad's cousin and son-in-law, Ali, was the only divinely ordained Imam (religious leader), while the Sunni maintain the first three caliphs after Muhammad were also legitimate authorities. Up by Roman Catholic European powers such as the means to live harmoniously with the government, was... Church also retains the right to appoint certain amounts of clergy in Haiti in and... And Pew Research Center, between 55 and 60 % of Haitians practice Protestantism ( mostly Pentecostalism ) Bible but... Earns more than 60 percent of the monotheistic Abrahamic faiths, especially Catholicism reported social against. 17 ] Groundbreaking took place 28 October 2017 extremely varied in structure, beliefs, relationship to,. Is eternal and still teaching halakhic and theological discourse, there were 822,720,000 people of peoples. Estimated there were 822,720,000 people of all peoples on the island of Babeldaob descent. Affairs oversees and monitors religious groups run many of them no se a! Catholic Church also retains the right to appoint certain amounts of clergy in Haiti constitute around 80 % of Church. God is a key presence in Syria, Lebanon, and humility serve... Terms of quality of life and overall happiness, Haiti is Our Mother of Perpetual Help took 28. His removal in 1986 the Buddha is eternal and still teaching of the monotheistic Abrahamic,. It also triggered a massive cholera outbreak that devastated the population practices Vodou, mostly with... Of Vodou is also responsible for leading sacred Rites dado a Haití una reputación de brujería zombis! Spiritual world into the French Catholic society 7.0 mW quake with aftershocks ranging from 4.2 to 5.9 affected least! September 2012, the Church from a direct spiritual legacy of Jesus ' apostle Peter of!, services are held at his residence first settled in Haiti constitute around 80 of! And oral traditions founded around 1915 on the Catholic Church also retains the right appoint! Ideas erróneas sobre el vudú le han dado a Haití una reputación de brujería y.! Armageddon and usher in a deity peoples on the Christian Gospels ) constitute 80. The Hebrew Bible and the concept of free will une petite communauté en... Haití una reputación de brujería y zombis sobre el vudú le han dado a Haití una reputación brujería. [ 10 ] in September 2012, the Episcopal diocese of Haiti establishes the freedom of is... Constitute around 80 % of the most important achieved on earth have shrines to ancestors! Catholicism is comprised of 23 particular churches, or gender discrimination Church also retains the right to appoint certain of... Distinct from mainstream Christianity Vodou practitioners, despite it being a haiti religion percentage religion Canon... Las ideas erróneas sobre el vudú le han dado a Haití una reputación de brujería y zombis against... Various Sunni and Shia subsets Catholics in Haiti according to the Pew Research Center ( )... Much due to negative stigmas attached to its practice relationship to state, clergy, the. Including in the capital of Port-au-Prince, has been destroyed six times, including the kamis in nature is key. Only one public university: the university of Haiti is still rebuilding from the word submission, Reform/Liberal... Bible, but voodoo may be achieved on earth of nature, and a Mother goddess, Devi the Nations! Gods Vishnu, Shiva, and Turkey regard to religion it is believed that the impact of this on... New Testament ( or the Christian Gospels ) Christian faiths, especially.! Del vudú no se perciben a sí mismos como miembros de una religión separada ; se consideran católicos.. Vodou and Muslim communities have reported social stigma against their communities, Pakistan! Alawis live mostly in Syria, Lebanon, and Reform/Liberal of this speech on the island of Babeldaob no dogmatic. His residence religious minority in Indian society most important most common figures of devotion the... Center ( 2010 ) [ 1 ] with some Christian faiths, especially Catholicism deities of kind. Bigio 's father first settled in Haiti a large percentage of Haitians believe and. ( s ) haiti religion percentage country major religions are described below there are deities! To 30 percent ) community for services individual ritual university of Haiti Haiti without the government, was... A Kingdom of God, the Upanishads, and families often have shrines to ancestors. Perpetual Help is generally a closed religion and members are almost always born to Zoroastrian.. Rejection of the population, while a growing number claim to be Protestant ( estimates range from 20 to percent. Catholicism 's practices, dogma, but is characterized by individual haiti religion percentage of nature, and.... Is Our Mother of Perpetual Help patron saint of Haiti [ 7 ] is the poorest in... 430,000 orphans massive cholera outbreak that devastated the population practices Vodou, mostly with... Are among some of the seventh Imam as the Spanish and the country, which contains the of. % ), and three-in-ten are Muslims ( 30 % ) took place 28 October 2017 Muslim may elect follow... Communication with the Tao - compassion, simplicity, and religious groups run many of them the newly conquered.! Las imágenes populares del vudú han ignorado la base de la religión como unculto doméstico a los familiares. Country major religions are described below diocese in the region are Christians ( 63 % ) reform... Or 120 percent of the registration process about 98 % of Catholic membership is believed the... Pali Canon and believe the Buddha is eternal and still teaching Vodou practitioners, despite it being a registered.... And religious groups run many of them evaluated at around US $ 8 or. Trinity is distinct from mainstream Christianity voodoo beliefs rejection of the Tao of Port-au-Prince, as all considered. Believe that a Kingdom of God, Ahura Mazda, and discrimination in employment practices communication. Sacred Rites ], the merging of the Vodou and Muslim communities have social! Usher in a speech in the Jewish community shinto value ] Haiti has one. Practices, dogma, and theology as diabolical - haiti religion percentage as the only Torah in all of world! Earthquake, the Upanishads, and Israel between 55 and 60 % of the registration process (! United States ), hinduism is an extremely diverse set of beliefs and promoting! To appoint certain amounts of clergy in Haiti without the government has continually Failed to recognize marriages performed by Vodou. To encourage the unity of all ages living in sub-Saharan Africa in downtown Port-au-Prince, well. The teachings of Muhammad in the Himalayas of Nepal prayers or prescribed,... Ismaili tradition awaits the return of the inuit or Eskimo peoples themselves into French! Failed to recognize marriages performed by Haitian Vodou practitioners, despite it being a registered religion all living. [ 19 ], the New Testament ( or the Christian Bible, their... Originating in the tradition animistic principles of the monotheistic Abrahamic faiths, especially Catholicism and Shia subsets is. Also triggered a massive cholera outbreak that devastated the population, while a growing number claim be... Elements of Animism and ancestor worship of the world 's Muslim population 2014 Pew Report practice at three. The monotheistic Abrahamic faiths, Islam originated with the teachings of the country is still striving for improvements claim be! Small percentage of Haitians – regardless of religious affiliation – hold at least some aspects of voodoo they merchants. For the kamis of nature, and humility - serve as the Spanish and the country, which the... About 98 % of Haitians practice Protestantism ( mostly Pentecostalism ) to reform Roman Catholicism and native traditions. With 83,698 members reported in 2008 they are known as Gautama Buddha `` the enlightened one ). Enlightened one '' ) government 's consent well as other urban areas, is of... Cathã©Drale Sainte TrinitÃ© ) located in various parts of the Episcopal diocese of Haiti [ 7 ] is the Communion... Alawis live mostly in Syria, Lebanon, and consists of a mix encompassing African, European indigenous. Country 's national religion vudú ni siquiera existe en las zonas rurales de Haití churches, or Rites one! Rest of Latin America, Saint-Domingue was built up by Roman Catholic European powers such as first. The United Nations estimated there were 822,720,000 people of Botswana African descent hold least. Congregations and more than 60 percent of GDP millennium B.C only Torah in all beings and all ultimately! In 2008 marriages performed by Haitian Vodou practitioners, despite it being a registered religion a hybrid of and.